The run-up to Brexit has revealed the United Kingdom’s moves to beef up its artificial intelligence (AI) capabilities and forge a new era of cooperation with its “special partner,” the United States. This month’s B|Visual takes a look at how the UK’s AI efforts stack up with those of the United States and the European Union, and what the UK is doing to forge new AI alliances.


Jeffrey Brown
Manager, Future of Work and Artificial Intelligence
+1 202 384-1995

Infographic Citations:

Adapted from “Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland,” by Sodacan, 2010, Retrieved from Reprinted courtesy of Copyright Holder under a Creative Commons License CC BY-SA 3.0 (

1: “Trump signs executive order to spur US investment in artificial intelligence,” The Verge, February 11, 2019,

2: “Britain pumps cash into artificial intelligence before Brexit,” Reuters, April 25, 2018,

3: “AI Index 2018 Report,” Artificial Intelligence Index, 2018,

4: “M.I.T. Plans College for Artificial Intelligence, Backed by $1 Billion,” New York Times, October 15, 2018,

5: “The United Kingdom ups its AI play,” Axios, February 20, 2019,

6: “Coordinated Plan on Artificial Intelligence,” European Commission, December 7, 2018,

7: “The State of AI 2017: Inflection Point,” MMC Ventures, 2017,

8: “AI in the UK: ready, willing, and able?” House of Lords, April 16, 2018,

9: “Draft AI Ethics Guidelines for Trustworthy AI,” European Commission, December 18, 2018,

10: “AI Sector Deal,”, April 26, 2018,

11: “Communication Artificial Intelligence for Europe,” European Commission, April 25, 2018,

12: “UK, US to Sign Accord on AI, Cybersecurity Cooperation,” Dark Reading, October 22, 2018,

13: “DoD Announces BARI Award for US-UK Collaboration on Human-Machine Teaming,” Department of Defense, September 25, 2018,

14: “Defense Secretary Hosts First US-UK Defense Innovation Board Meet at AI Lab Launch,” ADS, May 23, 2018,

15: “Artificial Intelligence: The AI4EU project launches on 1 January 2019,” European Commission, December 12, 2018,

16: “UK & France sign major deal for AI & Cyber Security cooperation,” ZDNet, July 9, 2018,

17: “EU Member States sign up to cooperate on Artificial Intelligence,” European Commission, April 10, 2018,